Skin Pigmentation Disorder

Types of Skin Pigmentation Disorder

Skin Pigmentation DisorderA person’s skin colour or skin pigmentation is caused by the pigment melanin. The different levels of melanin in our body makes our skin colour differ from each other. The higher level of melanin means darker skin complexion, the lower level of melanin means lighter skin complexion. Melanin also helps protect the skin from harmful rays of the sun. This is the reason why our skin darkens when we are exposed for a long time under the sun.

Most common types of skin pigment disorders

  • Albinism
    Albinism is a hereditary and rare skin pigment disorder. It is one of the skin pigment disorders that don’t have any cure. It is caused by partial or total loss of melanin in the skin thus producing pale skin, white hair and pink eyes. It’s also common that their vision is affected. People with albinism (Albinos) should always take extra precaution when they are exposed in the sun as they lack melanin, the skin’s natural protection from sunlight.
  • Vitiligo
    Vitiligo is another skin pigment disorder that doesn’t have any cure. White spots or patches appear in the skin. These white patches are caused when the melanocytes (skin cells that are responsible for melanin production) die or don’t function well thus hampering the production of melanin. There are treatments that you can do to manage Vitiligo like applying lightening creams to laser treatments. However, it is still best to consult a specialist to avoid any complications.
  • Melasma
    Melasma is very common to women especially women who are pregnant and those who take contraceptives or hormonal replacement therapy medications. However, this can also occur in men but this is rare. If vitiligo causes white spots or patches in the skin, melasma is the opposite. It causes dark spots or patches in the skin that commonly affects the cheeks, forehead, nose and lips. The dark patches are caused by the hormones triggering the over-production of melanin in the skin. Sun exposure can also worsen the dark spots. Usually, the dark spots disappear after few months of not taking the contraceptives or after giving birth. But you can also try applying lightening creams as well as consulting with a specialist on chemical peels or microdermabrasion treatments.
  • Solar Lentigo
    Solar Lentigo or also known as liver spots or age spots is a skin pigment disorder that usually goes with age and sun exposure. These light brown to black spots are often seen on the areas of the skin that are usually exposed to the sun like the arms, hands, and face. Treatment of solar lentigo includes laser treatment and electrosurgery.

Whether or not you have these skin pigmentation disorders, it is still best to have a good skin care routine including protecting your skin by applying sunscreen regularly.

AQI Sensitive Skin Essential Pack is a wonderful addition to your skin care routine.

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